Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world. There are many different types of coffee selling at different places, either at the mamak stall, kopitiam or café. Now, let us have a look on some coffees that we will order at mamak stall or kopitiam.
1. Types of coffees
- Kopi = coffee + condensed milk
- Kopi C = coffee + evaporated milk + sugar
- Kopi C kosong = coffee + evaporated milk
- Kopi O = coffee + sugar
- Kopi O kosong = coffee (no sugar)
- Yinyong = coffee + tea + condensed milk
Other than these, nowadays youngsters also like to go café-hopping with friends at different café. In the café, a barista who is the one that prepares, decorates, and serves the coffee beverages for us. These types of the coffee beverages are different from the traditional coffee in the mamak stall, not only from the aspects of the price but also from the brewing method, selection of coffee beans, and ingredients added to the coffee. The method used to prepare a cup of cappuccino is different from the traditional coffee also. This involves the usage of espresso machine to get a single or double shot of espresso, the next step involves is heating the milk by using chilled pitcher to get milk foams then barista needs to have the skills to pour the steamed milk into the center of the espresso to get a cup of cappuccino that can serve to customers. The choices of the milk used for a cup of perfect cappuccino also play an important role as different milks require different amounts of steaming time. The composition of the milk can also affect the steaming temperature. Normally, barista will use barista milk which is a lightly homogenized version of full cream milk to get a stable milk foam. Whole milk is another good choice of milk for barista due to higher fat and protein content compared to low fat and skimmed milk. Therefore, it can aid in creating a smoother, thicker, and creamier foam. However, do not forget to include all these extra calories in your coffee beverages that loaded with milk or flavored syrup as compared to a basic black coffee. Now, let us have a look on some different types of coffees that we always order in the café.
- Americano = espresso + water
- Macchiato = espresso + milk foam
- Mocha = espresso + chocolate + steamed milk
- Flat white = espresso + steamed milk
- Latte = espresso + steamed milk + milk foam (light foam with more milk)
- Cappuccino = espresso + steamed milk + milk foam (equal distribution)
2. Benefit and Disadvanatages:
Findings about the benefits and disadvantages of drinking coffee are still contradictory. Some studies showed that caffeine consumption associated with the reduced risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. However, one of the main points here is the coffee mentioned is those with no extra sugar, creamer, condensed milk, or any other ingredients added. Therefore, this statement cannot be used for us to consume too much coffee as it was largely influenced by many factors such as age, gender, health status, type of coffee preparation, serving size and source of coffee. Basically, the effects of the coffee are related to many bioactive compounds of coffee such as caffeine, which is a naturally occurring chemical stimulant (methylxanthines). Coffee also consists chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, melanoidins, which are antioxidants, and these have been linked to several benefits of antioxidants to reduce oxidative damage of body tissues.
On the contrary, coffee consists of caffeine which can negatively affect our health if overdose as it can interfere with the process of nutrient absorption such as vitamin B6, calcium, iron, magnesium. Higher intake of caffeine cause calcium to be excreted in the urine and feces, and inhibits the amount of calcium absorbed through the intestinal tract, the same for vitamin D receptor, which act as an important source of nutrients together with calcium to prevent osteoporosis. For regular coffee drinker, try to avoid drinking coffee together with the consumption of iron-rich food as it may interfere the absorption of iron. If you really crave for having a cup of coffee after your meals, try to have a gap of at least one hour. Caffeine might impair night time sleep quality thus try to avoid a cup of coffee at your dinner time although the magnitude of caffeine’s effects on sleep are modulated by individual differences related to age, gender, weight, genetic predisposition and other factors. Furthermore, make sure have enough plain water consumption as caffeine has a mild diuretic effect which may cause our body to become depleted of water and this can cause the loss of water-soluble vitamins such as vitamin B as a consequences of the frequent urination. For those that plan to have fasting period, try to avoid coffee consumption on the day you plan to fast especially during Ramadan to avoid dehydration due to frequent urination.
Besides, consumption of excess coffee may increase the risk to cardiovascular disease due to the lipid contents (cafestol) that can increase the cholesterol level and these also associated with the increased risks of cardiac arrhythmias and high blood pressure, although some studies showed that caffeine has no effect on high blood pressure. As coffee always become a cup of booster beverage to help us stay awake, but it may cause the rapid heart rate with restlessness, drowsiness symptoms, so stop drinking if experiences these symptoms and feeling not well.
Some people also believed that caffeine could help to lose weight, there were some studies showed that caffeine intake might help to promote body weight, BMI, and fat reduction. This was achieved through the increase in thermogenesis and fat oxidation. However, this is not for the cup of coffee that added with extra sugar, creamer, condensed milk, or any extra ingredients or 3-in-1 coffee sachets as all these will contribute extra calories to the daily calorie’s intake.
Adequate amount of coffee consumption is important to prevent the consequences of caffeine overdose. Limit your caffeine intake to not more than 300 mg/day. One 8-ounce or 240ml cup of coffee contains approximately 80-100mg of caffeine, therefore, limit your coffee intake to not more than 3 cups per day! The choice of coffee beverages also very important, try to choose those without added sugar, creamer, condensed milk if possible. No more kopi gaw gaw especially when placing order in mamak stall and no more coffee 3-in-1 when self-preparing at home. Last but not least, although the arguments still exist about the good and bad of coffee, but moderation is the key! Nothing overdose can be beneficial to you!
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